History has many cases in one way or another way connected with submarines. These are unique structures, which can be controlled and operate under water. We present 10 interesting facts about the submarine ships, which you have not known.
Fact 1. The first mention of transport for lowering people under water can be found in one of the books of the ancient Greek historian Herodotus. In the manuscript, dating to 450 BC, he tells of a certain underwater bell, which helps a person dressed in a special suit, walks on the sea floor.
Fact 2. The first Russian submarine was a destroyer №150 which was called “Dolphin”. Official enrollment in the lists of the ships of the Russian Navy and the launch dated to 1903.
Fact 3. During the Second World submarines after firing were in danger. Those, which fired an acoustic torpedo, had to go under the water for at least 60 meters. If this was not done, there was a danger that a torpedo fired at the noise of the submarine propellers.
Fact 4. The world’s first submarine was tested in London on the Thames River in 1620. It was created by the Dutch physicist Cornelius Van Drebbel. Its creation was made of wood and covered in leather. The world’s first submarine could travel over short distances with the help of paddles.
Fact 5. From 1967 to 1979, the Soviet Union built 122 nuclear submarines. At the same time, during those 13 years, the Soviet authorities were able to create only five aircraft carriers ships.
Fact 6. In 1909, a Russian engineer suggested that the authorities of the Russian Empire innovation: the project of a submarine with a single engine. For used innovations he asked rather big reward. But the authorities refused.
Fact 7. The only one world submarine, which has withstood three wars (First World, Second World and Civil Wars), was “Panther”, built in 1916. During the years of the First World War it made a few trips, and during the Civil War, it went out into the Gulf of Finland several times for exploration and attacked enemy submarines UK.
Fact 8. The Soviet submarine D-3 in 1938 made a historic passage under the ice of the Arctic. So it became the first boat in the world which has made a long voyage in the Arctic. Also, the D-3 crossed the meridian for the first time in history, following into the Greenland Sea, and became the first Soviet submarine, which appeared in the Western Hemisphere.
Fact 9. In 1960 the world’s first submarine “George Washington” with nuclear ballistic missiles on board went out into the water. Five of these boats underwater ships, named after the first president of the United States, were the part of the US Navy in the years 1959-1961.
Fact 10. In 2000 there was one of the worst disasters in the history of the submarine in the Barents Sea at a depth of 150 meters – the sinking of the Russian submarine “Kursk”, when all the crew members died. After some time, the authorities stated that the cause of the accident was the explosion of the torpedo in the torpedo room.