Antarctica is the coldest place on Earth and also the windiest. In 1983 there was recorded the lowest temperature of 83 degrees below zero.
The driest place
This is perhaps the strangest fact about Antarctica. This continent has the contradiction between the amount of water and dry climate. Even in the hottest desert in the world more often rains than in the Dry Valley. Antarctica has not received a drop of rain for 2 million years!
The lack of population
Antarctica has no permanent residents. There’s only some scientists who study climate and other parameters in the summer.
Emperor penguin lives only in Antarctica. It is the heaviest and highest penguin in the world. It is the only species of penguins that can propagate in the Antarctic winter.
Whose land is it?
Antarctica is the only land that is not owned by anyone, although many countries at different times have tried to do it. Today, Antarctica is the only region on Earth without a government.
Antarctica is the best place in the world, suitable for the search of meteorites. The meteorites that fell on this continent, preserved in the best way. Meteorite fragments from Mars are the cause of scientific debate related to the presence of life on Mars.
The lack of time
Antarctica is the only place on the planet that does not have a time zone. The scientists, who work here, follow the time of their homeland. The fact, that in just a few seconds here you can pass all 24 time zones.
Many animals think this continent is ideal for life. But for land animals in Antarctica are too cold. There are no insects, except for the wingless Midge Belgica Antarctida.
The impact of global warming
If all the ice melted in Antarctica, the sea level would rise for 60 meters.
In the year 2000 a giant iceberg broke from the Ross Ice Shelf. It is the world’s largest iceberg. Its length is 295 kilometers and a width 37. It is larger than Qatar.