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According to some research data, the age of diamonds is from 900 million to 4.25 billion years.
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You will be surprised, but diamonds come from volcanoes.
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Diamonds are formed underground, under the influence of ultra-high temperatures and pressure. Volcanic eruptions bring them to the surface.
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Also, diamonds can appear when large meteorites fall.
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Diamonds are formed at a depth of 160 to 480 km. Most of them are in volcanic rock.
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This is what industrial diamond deposits look like.
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The mined ore is sent to a factory where it is crushed, screened, sized and cleaned.
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Previously, diamonds were mined in placers, mainly river ones.
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Only 20 countries produce diamonds. Top five in terms of production: Australia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Botswana, Russia and South Africa.
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Diamonds are made of pure carbon, just like graphite, which is used to make pencil leads, but the carbon atoms are arranged differently.
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Diamond is one of the hardest substances found in nature.
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Graphite is one of the softest substances.
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The largest diamond known to man is 4,000 km across and weighs ten billion trillion carats.
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This giant was found over Australia, though at a distance of eight light years.
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This diamond is located inside the star Lucy, located in the constellation of the Centaur.
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The largest diamond found on earth is the “Star of Africa” or “Cullinan” weighing 3106.75 carats. It was found in a mine in 1905 in South Africa.
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Due to a crack in the Star of Africa stone, it was divided into parts. The work took two years and resulted in nine large diamonds.
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All 9 diamonds from the “Star of Africa” are used in the jewelry of the English royal family. From them, they made the king’s scepter, crown, brooch, pendant and ring.
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In 2005, German scientists found a harder material they named ACNR.
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ACNR is so hard that even a diamond can be easily scratched.